Forced removals in south Africa | south africa facts for kidsDuring the 1960s, 1970s and early 1980s, the government implemented a policy of;resettlement;, to force people to move to their designated;group areas;. Millions of people were forced to relocate.Forced removals in south Africa |south africa facts for kids.places in south africa,
These removals included people relocated due to slum clearance programmes, labour tenants on white-owned farms, the inhabitants of the so-called;black spots; (black-owned land surrounded by white farms), the families of workers living in townships close to the homelands,south africa tours, and;surplus people; from urban areas, including thousands of people from the Western Cape (which was declared a;Coloured Labour Preference Area;) who were moved to the Transkei and Ciskei homelands. The best-publicised forced removals of the 1950s occurred in Johannesburg, when 60,000 people were moved to the new township of Soweto (an abbreviation for South Western Townships). Until 1955, Sophiatown had been one of the few urban areas where blacks were allowed to own land, and was slowly developing into a multiracial slum.
As industry in Johannesburg grew, Sophiatown became the home of a rapidly expanding black workforce, as it was convenient and close to town. It had the only swimming pool for black children in Johannesburg. As one of the oldest black settlements in Johannesburg, it held an almost symbolic importance for the 50,000 blacks it contained,south africa tours, both in terms of its sheer vibrancy and its unique culture. Despite a vigorous ANC protest campaign and worldwide publicity, the removal of Sophiatown began on 9 February 1955 under the Western Areas Removal Scheme.
In the early hours, heavily armed police forced residents out of their homes and loaded their belongings onto government trucks. The residents were taken to a large tract of land, 13 miles (19 km) from the city centre, known as Meadowlands, which the government had purchased in 1953. Meadowlands became part of a new planned black city called Soweto. Sophiatown was destroyed by bulldozers, and a new white suburb named Triomf (Triumph) was built in its place.
This pattern of forced removal and destruction was to repeat itself over the next few years, and was not limited to people of African descent. Forced removals from areas like Cato Manor (Mkhumbane) in Durban,south africa tours, Forced removals in south Africa |south africa facts for kids and District Six in Cape Town, where 55,000places in south africa, coloured and Indian people were forced to move to new townships on the Cape Flats, were carried out under the Group Areas Act of 1950. Nearly 600,000 coloured, Indian and Chinese people were moved under the Group Areas Act. Some 40,000 whites were also forced to move when land was transferred from "white South Africa" into the black homelands.