World War II - Quiz

World War II - Quiz and US World War Memorial

World War II ; upgrade your know-how with this interactive online quiz about the World War II, In the quiz children, school kids and learners of middle school will upgrade their knowledge about the World War II . This quiz is a multiple choice question quiz with which kids, students, middle school and students can have fun while reviewing some skills in social studies. Have fun and learn with this World War II quiz for kids and adults. Read more below

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This exercise is relevant for learners who are in the 4th grade, 5th grade,6th grade,7th grade and 8th grade, middle school and high school to test their knowledge.

National World War II Memorial,


National World War II Memorial monument in Washington, D.C., dedicated both to the Americans who served in World War II in the armed services including the more than 400,000 dead and to those who supported the war effort at home. It is located on a 7.4-acre (3-hectare) site on the east end of the Reflecting Pool on the Mall, opposite the Lincoln Memorial and west of the Washington Monument. Its creation was authorized by Pres. Bill Clinton in May 1993. Its designer, architect Friedrich St. Florian, won a national open competition. The memorial was constructed between 2001 and 2004 and opened to the public on April 29, 2004; its official dedication took place a month later, on May 29.

The main part of the memorial is an elliptical plaza, in the centre of which is a pool with fountains and water jets. The pool predated the building of the monument around it, which was a source of controversy before and during construction because the World War II memorial would occupy space that had previously been available for public demonstrations and other gatherings. A rectangular ceremonial entranceway leads into the plaza. Balustrades along its sides bear 24 bronze bas-reliefs illustrating, on the north side, the war in Europe and, on the south side, the war in the Pacific. Many of the images are based on historical photographs, and both sets of panels incorporate imagery of the war effort on the home front as well. Beyond the entrance, two pavilions 43 feet (13 metres) in height mark the midpoints on the north and south sides of the plaza. They incorporate bronze baldachins, bronze columns bearing American eagles, World War II victory medals, and inscriptions noting the victories in the European and Pacific theatres of operations.

Around the perimeter of the ellipse stand 56 granite pillars, 17 feet (5.2 metres) high, that represent the U.S. states and territories of the period as well as the District of Columbia. Each is adorned with a bronze oak-and-wheat wreath and inscribed with the state or territory's name. The pillars are linked with a bronze sculpted rope, symbolizing the country's unified effort during the war.

Used liberally throughout the memorial are quotations from prominent military and political figures, including Gen. (later Pres.) Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, Col. Oveta Culp Hobby, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, Gen. George C. Marshall, and Gen. Douglas MacArthur. At the western end of the memorial is a curved Freedom Wall bearing a field of 4,000 golden stars, each of which stands for 100 American military deaths in the war. Before it lies a granite curb inscribed "Here we mark the price of freedom."

 

The World War II Memorial honors the service of sixteen million members of the Armed Forces of the United States of America, the support of countless millions on the home front, and the ultimate sacrifice of 405,399 Americans. On May 29, 2004, a four-day "grand reunion" of veterans on the National Mall culminated in the dedication of this tribute to the legacy of "The Greatest Generation."

 

Granite, bronze, and water elements harmoniously blend with the lawns, trees, and shrubbery of the surrounding landscape. Here, the spirit of the L'Enfant Plan for the City of Washington lives on through successful integration of a memorial into the openness of the National Mall. Great vistas endure toward the Washington Monument, Thomas Jefferson Memorial, and Lincoln Memorial.

The twenty-four bronze bas-relief panels that flank the Ceremonial Entrance offer glimpses into the human experience at home and at war. They breathe new life into familiar black and white photographs or newsreels—especially, when a visiting veteran describes one of the scenes. The memorial also features areas where veterans' recollections come flooding back, triggered by the sight of dozens of battle names and military campaign designations carved into stone. A wall of 4,048 Gold Stars silently pays solemn tribute to the sacrifice of more than 405,000 American lives.

 

Fifty-six granite columns, split between two half-circles framing the rebuilt Rainbow Pool with its celebratory fountains, symbolize the unprecedented wartime unity among the forty-eight states, seven federal territories, and the District of Columbia. Bronze ropes tie the columns together, while bronze oak and wheat wreathes respectively represent the nation's industrial and agricultural strengths. Two 43-foot tall pavilions proclaim American victory on the Atlantic and Pacific fronts—on land, at sea, and in the air. Several hidden treasures appear as well, such as the famous "Kilroy was here" graffiti familiar to every veteran of the Second World War.

Visitors to the memorial are encouraged to search The World War II Registry, a computerized database honoring Americans who helped win the war, either overseas or on the home front. The National Park Service staff offers assistance to those wishing to update the list with additional names or information.

The National Park Service offers daily tours of the memorial every hour on the hour, from 10:00 a.m. until 11:00 p.m. In addition, Park Rangers offer several extended, in-depth walking and bicycle tours that include the World War II Memorial. The memorial is open daily from 9:00 a.m. until 11:45 p.m.; it is closed on December 25 and for annual events surrounding the National Independence Day Celebration.